The International Council of Ophthalmology and Ophthalmic Education: 1857 – 2007

Straatsma, BR


In the brain of each of us, nearly one-third of the cerebral cortex - the thin layer of 20 billion neurons responsible for language, consciousness and reasoning - is devoted to vision [1]. Cortical cells join through neural paths with the intricacies of the eye to form the visual system that is the primary sense we rely on in our daily lives. Vision contributes to learning, mobility, perception and the quality of life. With the central role of vision in daily life, ophthalmology is among the oldest if not the oldest specialty in medicine. It is not surprising, therefore, that the oldest international medical congress that survives today, under the umbrella of the International Council of Ophthalmology, is the International Congress of Ophthalmology [2].

J Acad Ophthalmol 2008; 1: 48-52. (c) Journal of Academic Ophthalmology

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